It is grown in warm areas and is used as food as well as fodder. Farmer examining sorghum sudangrass plant leaf. Sorghum bicolor, commonly called sorghum (/ ˈ s ɔːr ɡ ə m /) and also known as great millet, durra, jowari / jowar, or milo, is a grass species cultivated for its grain, which is used for food for humans, animal feed, and ethanol production.Sorghum originated in Africa, and is now cultivated widely in tropical and subtropical regions. [8], The introduction of improved varieties, along with improved management practices, has helped to increase sorghum productivity. Organic Jowar is gluten-free, easy to digest and provides more energy for the calories consumed. Sorghum plants with seeds. The leading producers of S. bicolor in 2011 were Nigeria (12.6%), India (11.2%), Mexico (11.2%), and the United States (10.0%). Growing Sorghum. The seed, which contains 61-68 percent starch, 7.8-16.7 percent protein, and 1.7-6.5 percent fat, is used in the production of flour, groats, alcohol, and starch. Etymology 1 From (etyl) (m), from (etyl) (m), from (etyl) , and (etyl) (m). Find Sorghum Plants Field stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. AUDIO. Africa is the largest producer of jowar in the world. Some 194 improved cultivars of sorghum from the institute have been released. The grain is small, ranging from 2 to 4 mm in diameter. It has a somewhat plain neutral taste and is known to absorb flavors. It grows in clumps that may reach over 4 m high. [21], In Central America, tortillas are sometimes made using sorghum. Cook up a healthy jowar medley filled with vegetables and flavor. Served with pav or jowar roti. English-Spanish translation of sorghum. [9][10][11] Botanists divide it into five "races": Sorghum in the United States was first recorded by Ben Franklin in 1757. Sorghum grain contains gluten free, high in resistant starch and more abundant and diverse phenolic compounds compared to other major cereal crops[15][16]. ‘They grow sugarcane, jowar, wheat, vegetables and different varieties of fruit on a 300-acre farm plot.’ ‘The farmers in the village grew ragi, cow pea, pigeon pea, green gram, jowar, horse gram and sesame.’ ‘Instead, we are cultivating food crops like jowar, pulses, beans, etc., which should take care of our annual grain requirement.’ sorghum: botany noun sorgo [m] Synonyms for sorghum: noun millet; However, these are wild sorghum, with small grains and a brittle rachis. corn . In times of drought, it rolls its leaves to lessen water loss by transpiration. Enjoy a light snack, the guilt free way! Sorghum has been grown in India since the third millennium B.C. Local Names of Jowar in India:- Great Millet/Sorghum(English), Juar (Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi), Jwari (Marathi), Jola (Kannada), Jonnalu (Telugu),Cholam (Tamil, Malayalam), Janha (Oriya). Many grain sorghum varieties grow to only 5 feet tall, but sweet sorghum and broom corn plants can top 8 feet. The genetic diversity between subspecies of sorghum makes it more resistant to pests and pathogens than other less diverse food sources. It might have a slight sweet after taste.Usage Additional research is being done on sorghum as a potential food source to meet the increasing global food demand. White sorghum is preferred for making tortillas.[22]. [38] This parasite is a devastating pest on the crop. The jowar flour can be mixed with others to make multigrain flour. [4] Sorghum is the world's fifth-most important cereal crop after rice, wheat, maize, and barley, with 59.34 million metric tons of annual global production in 2018. 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