During the negotiations of proposals for a resolution that culminated in the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine (also known as Resolution 181) in November 1947, the historic claims of the Vatican, Italy and France were revived.  The dispute has been described as "one of the most intractable issues in the Israel–Palestine conflict", with conflicting claims to sovereignty over the city or parts of it, and access to its holy sites. From their point of view this proposal was essentially to safeguard Christian holy sites and was expressed as a call for the special international regime for the city of Jerusalem. After capturing Jerusalem in 1917, Great Britain was in control of Jerusalem; initially under a wartime administration, then as part of the Mandate of Palestine assigned to the Britain in 1920. A number of countries have indicated that they could relocate their embassies to Jerusalem, including Honduras, Brazil, Serbia, the Czech Republic and the Dominican Republic. Prime Minister (and former Jerusalem mayor) Ehud Olmert vowed to keep Jerusalem the "undivided, eternal capital of the Jewish people", but later supported the detachment of several Arab neighborhoods from Israeli sovereignty and the introduction of an international trust to run the Temple Mount. This city currently serves as the de facto administrative capital of Palestine.Today, Ramallah is Prior to the creation of the State of Israel, Jerusalem served as the administrative capital of Mandatory Palestine. Foreign Relations of the United States, 1949, Section Israel. 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The resolution advised member states to withdraw their diplomatic representation from the city. , Palestinian officials have consistently condemned each such relocation and diplomatic offices in Jerusalem saying that they constitute “a flagrant violation of international law and goes against the unified EU position on the legal status of Jerusalem.”, On 6 April 2017 the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement saying, "We reaffirm our commitment to the UN-approved principles for a Palestinian-Israeli settlement, which include the status of East Jerusalem as the capital of the future Palestinian state. In July 1980, the Knesset passed the Jerusalem Law as part of the country's Basic Law, which declared Jerusalem the unified capital of Israel. A number of these countries, most notably France, entered into capitulation agreements with the Ottoman Empire and also established consulates in Jerusalem.  The US position continues to be that final status of Jerusalem is to be resolved through negotiations. 1947 UN Partition Plan (Resolution 181(II)) provided for the full territorial internationalisation of Jerusalem: "The City of Jerusalem shall be established as a corpus separatum under a special international regime and shall be administered by the United Nations. The city marks “Jerusalem Day” in late May or early … The Vatican's official position on the status of Jerusalem was in favour of an internationalization of Jerusalem, in order to keep the holy place away from either Israeli or Arab sovereignty. Jerusalem is the capital of Palestine. Israel took control of West Jerusalem while Jordan took control of East Jerusalem (including the walled Old City in which most holy places are located). This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. It will not recognise any changes to pre-1967 borders with regard to Jerusalem, unless agreed between the parties.  Each side recognised the other's de facto control of their respective sectors. #HandsOffJerusalem #FreeQuds #Oppression #Injustice Though the United Kingdom and Iraq recognized Jordanian rule over East Jerusalem, no other country recognized either Jordanian or Israeli rule over the respective areas of the city under their control. Until then, the annual reception has been held in the Tel Aviv area. However, in the late 2010s, the international consensus to abstain from expressing a viewpoint on the city's final status has shown signs of fragility, with Russia, the United States and Australia adopting new policy positions. During the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, Just because this man @realDonaldTrump or any other person says it's the capital of #Israel doesn't make it so. Palestinian leadership considers all land captured after the Six-Day War to be part of Palestine, including East Jerusalem. Our iftar will be in Jerusalem The Capital of Palestine. Jerusalem is the capital of Palestine.  The Armistice Agreement, however, was considered internationally as having no legal effect on the continued validity of the provisions of the partition resolution for the internationalisation of Jerusalem. , Russia has publicly opposed Israeli settlement construction in East Jerusalem. passport. A way must be found to resolve the status of Jerusalem as the future capital of both Israel and Palestine. The Palestinian president also urged participants of the OIC summit to take “very clear and strong decisions” with the aim of protecting the places of worship of both Muslims and Christians. Trump recognized Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and announced plans to move the U.S. Embassy there in 2017. However, Britain never gave any effect to Mandate provisions arts 13 & 14. , The EU opposes measures which would prejudge the outcome of permanent status negotiations on Jerusalem, basing its policy on the principles set out in UN Security Council Resolution 242, notably the impossibility of acquisition of territory by force. Jewish representatives accepted the partition plan, while representatives of the Palestinian Arabs and the Arab states rejected it, declaring it illegal.. The Vatican's historic claims and interests, as well as those of Italy and France were based on the former Protectorate of the Holy See and the French Protectorate of Jerusalem, which were incorporated in article 95 of the Treaty of Sèvres (1920), which besides incorporating the Balfour Declaration also provided: "it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine". 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